In the HVACR world, it is not impossible that the designers of a walk-in cooler/freezer to mistakenly chose the wrong FPI (fins per inch) selection for the application you are servicing. Here is a table to reference when you are looking at possible causes of an iced-up coil. With fin spacing too close, frost can easily bridge the gap and quickly reduce air flow through the evaporator.
The proper selection of fins per inch plays a role in maintaining proper humidity levels in the conditioned space as well. The bottom line is this: don’t always assume that the application engineer can’t make a mistake in the selection process. Always look at this factor when troubleshooting your HVACR evaporator problems.
Suppose you are testing a Copeland 3D (Discus) compressor and your ohmmeter registers OL from line to line on all of the 3-phase legs. The compressor is cold so you determine that the compressor is not off due to an overheat/internal thermostat trip. Your early assessment is that the compressor is bad and must be replaced. You call your supervisor who immediately sees a red flag when you say all 3 windings are open. It may be a defective “inherent protector”. This happened to a service tech that I supervised a few years ago. And it did have a bad protector. Please see the following photo and wiring diagram for more information on how this all works and the numbers needed to obtain a replacement inherent protector. By the way, this part is located beneath the terminal plate and is mounted just above the motor windings in order to detect the first possible overheat situation.
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I just can’t say enough about an app that has become an essential part of my life and the overall operation of our HVACR service team.
I am talking about EVERNOTE. It is one of the best ways to assemble, organize and present information that I have ever seen. Now you may be thinking that I am compensated for endorsing this product but you are wrong. I am compensated by using the product. I use it for training purposes as well. It has a great presentation mode that I use instead of powerpoint slides.
I use it many times per day. It is extremely useful when we have our weekly service huddle meeting.
Below is a screenshot sampling one of our huddle meeting frameworks.
You can easily hyperlink the topics to other notes that have been organized into specific Notebooks.
We also have the essential Notebooks shared with all the service techs. It is feature-rich and the beauty is that it syncs across just about all platforms.
An example list of our company shared Notebooks contain the following topics: Work Data, Parts Information, Site Information, Memos, Policies, Training, etc. In these Notebooks are contained over 500 notes and training presentations. It is easily searchable for specific notes inside these Notebooks.
As we go throughout the week and run across some useful topic to discuss or encounter a recurring issue, we add it to the list for “Monday” and we keep the team informed. It helps us to maintain a near-paperless approach to our day to day business practices. For all our larger digital files that contain operation manuals and other manufacturer information, we use Box, which contains over 12GB of technical information for our team to access.
My wife and I both have the premium version and use it for all our financial paperwork and household business. Click here to for a free trial of Evernote.
Model 250A is an auto ranging voltage monitor designed to protect 3-phase
motors regardless of size. It is used on 190-480VAC, 50 to 60 Hz motors to
protect the motors from damage caused by single phasing, low voltage,
phase reversal, voltage unbalance, and also high voltage. Added features
include the DPDT contacts that are used to perform two functions when
parameters are exceeded in addition to the standard adjustable restart delay.
One of the ways to assure that a customer’s case is performing as it should is to test the airflow. One of the best ways to do this is with a test instrument that measures feet per minute as illustrated.
Be sure to measure the airflow at the case discharge air outlet as illustrated below:
The manufacturer recommends that the best time to measure the case airflow is during the warmest time during defrost as the case cycle is terminating.
Below is a manufacturers chart detailing an example of a case specifications including the case design average air flow. Without the proper air flow, the case temperature will not reach the desired set point and the product integrity will suffer.