Here are some important facts about room air distribution that will be helpful to learn in preparation for any HVACR exam. EXCERPT FROM THE TECHNICAL INSTITUTE MANUALS AVAILABLE FROM THE ONLINE STORE AT RSES.
The final factor in evaluating the air distribution in a space is the comfort of the occupants. In general, a person is thermally comfortable when body heat loss equals body heat production. What most people call a “draft” is simply a slight movement of air that results in a local feeling of “coolness.” It has been determined that a velocity change of 15 ft/min has about the same effect on comfort as a 1°F of temperature change.
A typical room air distribution system with local air velocities of less than 40 to 80 ft/min will satisfy 80% of occupants. Localized air temperatures should be less than 2°F below the general room temperature. The temperature near the floor should be less than 4°F below that at about shoulder height. For heating, local air velocities generally are below 40 ft/min. For cooling, local air velocities should be between 40 and 80 ft/min.